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APA 6th Edition: Journal Article with 3 to 7 Authors

Utica College Library Guide to APA Citation Style

APA Citations

In APA Style, there are two elements needed to properly cite each of your sources:

The reference list entry - information about the article that appears at the end of your paper in the list of references

The in-text citation - brief information that appears in the body of your paper to indicate a direct quote or paraphrase.

Several of the examples in this guide were drawn from the APA Manual (6th ed.). 

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the APA Manual (6th ed.). 

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Journal Article with Three to Seven Authors (p. 198)

NOTE: For a work with three to seven authors, include all of the authors' names in the citation. Place an ampersand before the last author's name.

Reference list entry:

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(Issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx [if available] OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page .

Example 1 (three authors):

Westhues, A., Lafrance, J., & Schmidt, G. (2001). A SWOT analysis of social work education in Canada. Social Work Education, 20(1), 35-56. doi:10.1080/02615470020028364

Example 2 (seven authors):

McGuire, J. A., Witt, C. C., Remsen, J. V., Corl, A., Rabosky, D. L., Altshuler, D. L., & Dudley, R. (2014). Molecular phylogenetics and the diversification of hummingbirds. Current Biology, 24(8), 910–916. Retrieved from

In-text citation:

      First time citing (up to five authors):  (Author Surname, Author Surname & Author Surname, Year, page number) 
      First time citing (six or seven authors):  (Author Surname et al., Year, page number)
      Subsequent citations: (Author Surname et al., Year, page number)
Example 1:
     First time citing (use all authors' names):  (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001, p. 40)
     Subsequent citations:  (Westhues et al., 2001, p. 40)
Example 2:
     First time citing (for 6 or more authors, use first author's name with et al.):  (McGuire et al., 2014, p. 902)
     Subsequent citations:  (McGuire et al., 2014, p. 902)
Helpful Tips:             

If a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference.  You will not have to include the URL of the journal's home page or of the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available.  See the box on the right for more about DOIs.

If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, you will need to do a quick search outside of the database to locate the URL for the journal's home page (pp. 191-192).  This information must be included in the reference.

If you viewed a journal article in its print format, be sure to check if it has a DOI listed.  If it does not, your reference to the article does not require a DOI.

What is a DOI and how do I find it?

A DOI (digital object identifier) is assigned to a journal article by the publisher.  DOIs are used to provide permanent location information on the internet.

Not all articles have a DOI. If unable locate a DOI in the database or page view where you found the article, try

If you can't locate a DOI in this way, remember that including it in your citation is not an absolute requirement of most citation styles -- you can still reference the journal publisher or library database instead.

DOIs and Article References (pp. 188-192)

If a Digital Object Identifier (DOI)is listed on either a print or an electronic source it is included in the reference. A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string that is used to identify a certain source (typically journal articles).   

Example: doi:10.1080/14622200410001676305

The DOI is often found on the first page of an article. For more information on DOIs and sample pictures indicating where to locate a DOI on a source, check out pages 188 to 192 of the APA Manual and/or this helpful DOI flow chart put together by the people at APA.

Curious about how to find a DOI?

Check out the tutorial video put together by APA.